• Household energy is just under 1/3 of all energy use in Britain.
  • 1970-2009 household energy use is up by 17%.
  • Number of households up by 45%.
  • Household energy consumption per household is down by 17%

(The switch to gas, an increase in nuclear power and the rapid decline in Oil and coal means carbon emissions per household are nearly halved over this period.)

What has driven improvements?

  • Better heating
  • Better insulation
  • More use of gas
  • Nuclear
  • Renewables
  • Increase in housing stock in warmer south rather than north
  • Flats are more common
  • Recent increases in gas and electricity costs

What has driven energy consumption?

  • Higher comfort expectations
  • More homes
  • Nuclear now in decline
  • More detached homes
  • Increase in wealth (energy was 6% of household expenditure in 1970, 4% in 2009)
  • Smaller households (each with the requisite appliances)
  • More appliances and lighting
  • Increase in population +11%
  • Increase in home ownership makes wholesale improvements to housing stock for those on low income more difficult
  • Fuel poverty: poorest 10% of households spend 8.4% on energy leaving less for improvements (Richest 10% spend 2.7% of income on energy).

What is household energy used for?

  • Less energy is used for water heating and cooking
  • More energy is used for lights and appliances
  • (Household SAP now 51.6)

Great Britain’s Housing Energy Fact File 2011(1)                                                     

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