Fracking for shale gas will break the UK’s climate change targets without stricter regulation, says the Committee for climate Change (CCC) in a July 2016 report.

The CCC report concluded that shale gas production was not compatible with the nation’s targets for emissions cuts unless three tests are satisfied.

First, emissions must be tightly regulated and closely monitored in order to ensure rapid action to address methane leaks. Second, shale gas must replace imported gas, not be burned in addition. Third, emissions from the production of shale gas itself must be offset by more carbon cuts elsewhere, such as increasing the number of electric vehicles.

The report says regulation today is below the “minimum necessary” to meet the first test: “It certainly requires that a strong regulatory framework is put in place now.”

Professor Jim Skea, at Imperial College London and one of the authors of the CCC report, said: “We need stronger and clearer regulation. UK environmental policy allows quite a lot of discretion to the regulator and, depending on how things develop, it would be necessary to be more precise if you are to regulate emissions effectively.”

An official from the Department of Energy and Climate Change (Decc) said: “We believe our strong regulatory regime and the government’s determination to meet our carbon budgets mean those tests can be and will be met."

Andrea Leadsom, then energy minister said: “Shale gas is a fantastic opportunity, which could create thousands of jobs and a secure homegrown energy source that we can rely on for decades to come. We’ve already put measures in place to limit and monitor emissions that meet the conditions set out in this report.”

Read more in this article from Climate Home.