Dr Vardoulakis, Environmental Change department, PHE Centre for Radiation, Chemical & Environmental, reports:

"More than five percent of deaths in England are attributable to long-term exposure to particulate air pollution. This makes the impact of air pollution on the public’s health very significant indeed.

"The draft guidance from NICE, which PHE contributed to through membership of the advisory committee, seeks to improve air quality across England. It highlights the importance of including air pollution in strategic planning across local authority boundaries."

In his blog, Dr Vardoulakis outlines the measures that local councils, businesses and individuals can take to reduce the health risks.